Multi-stakeholder initiatives

Where can MSI be found?

This page contains two types of sources. Firstly, sources explicitly mentioned on the previous pages (“what?”, “why?” and “how?”), with their corresponding hyperlinks for further consultation, are arranged by the institution that released. Secondly, there is a bibliography of sources consulted to draft the tool, which can be useful for further inquiry about the topic.

Some multi-sectorial initiatives are part of an institution, others are independent initiatives. This tool describes the MSIs of four institutions of which Belgium is a member (United Nations, OECD, ILO and the EU) and the intergovernmental Kimberley Process. Finally, links are provided to MSIs in other countries.

United Nations (UN)

UN Global Compact

Global Compact Network Belgium

UN Global Compact Food and Agriculture Business Principles

The Environmental Rights Initiative: Promote, Protect, Respect Environmental Rights

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises

Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas

Practical actions for companies to identify and address the worst forms of child labour in mineral supply chains

Sourcing Gold from Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

Due Diligence Guidance for Meaningful Stakeholder Engagement in the Extractive Sector

OECD-FAO Guidance for Responsible Agricultural Supply Chains

Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains in the Garment and Footwear Sector

Responsible Business Conduct for Institutional Investors

International Labour Organization (ILO)

The Fair recruitment initiative: Fostering Fair Recruitment Practices, Preventing Human Trafficking and Reducing the Costs of Labour Migration

ILO - General principles and operational guidelines for fair recruitment

ILO/ EU - Fair recruitment Global Action to Improve the Recruitment Framework of Labour Migration

ILO - Ergonomic checkpoints Practical and easy-to-implement solutions for improving safety, health and working conditions

International Framework Agreements

Child Labour Platform

European Union (EU)

Responsible Supply Chain Management in practice by EU-based companies with a focus on cotton, sugar cane and mobile phones

Employment & recruitment agencies sector guide on implementing the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights

ICT sector guide on implementing the UN guiding principles on business and human rights

Oil and gas sector guide on implementing the UN guiding principles on business and human rights

 The Kimberley Process

Kimberley Process Certificate Scheme Core Document

2018 KP Participants List Governments

Multi-stakeholder initiatives in other countries

Agreement on Sustainable Garments and Textile

Dutch Banking Sector Agreement on international responsible business conduct regarding human rights

Agreement for the Vegetable Protein Sector
Sustainable Forest Management Agreement

Agreement Responsible Gold

Agreement on CSR in the coal supply chain


Alliance for sustainable textiles

  • Civil Society Recommendations for Implementing the EU’s Responsible Sourcing Regulation (2018). 
  • Huijstee, M. (2012). Multi-stakeholder initiatives, a strategic guide for civil society organizations. SOMO. 
  • Huyse, H. & Verbrugge, B. (2018). Belgium and the sustainable supply chain agenda: Leader or laggard? KU Leven, HIVA. 
  • Kingdom of Belgium, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation website on Sustainable Development
  • The Multi-Stakeholder Initiative Database
  • Wachenfeld, M. & Schuele, W. (2017). How Home Governments can Incentivise Responsible Business Conduct of Extractive Companies Operating Abroad. Series 3. Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives. IHRB and Nairobi Process. 
  • Winter, S., Bijker, M. & Carson, M. (2017). Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives: Lessons from agriculture. CR Initiative at Harvard Kennedy School.