1 Human Rights law in force in Belgium
Where can the relevant binding agreements and legal rules be found?
This page contains two types of sources. Firstly, sources explicitly mentioned on the previous pages (“what?”, “why?” and “how?”), with their corresponding hyperlinks for further consultation, are arranged by the institution that released. Secondly, there is a bibliography of sources consulted to draft the tool, which can be useful for further inquiry about the topic.
- United Nations (UN)
- International Human Rights Bill
- United Nations treaties that protect specific persons, groups or communities
- United Nations related treaties
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (2000)
- International Humanitarian Law
Annex (I) AP (I), as amended in 1993
Annex (I) AP (I), 1977
Annex (II) AP (I), 1977
- International Labour Organisation (OIT)
- Conventions that protect the right to a healthy environment
The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (1989 into force 1992)
The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (2001 in force since 2004)
Paris Agreement (2016)
Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents (in force in Belgium since 2006).
The Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTRs) (in force in Belgium since 2009)
The Water Convention (in force in Belgium since 2000)
The Protocol on Water and Health (in force in Belgium since 2004).
International Conventions that protect the right to access to information and to justice in environmental issues
The Espoo (Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context) Convention (1991 in force 1997)
- Council of Europe (CoE)
Convention 108 for the protection of individuals with regard to automatic processing of personal data.
- CoE monitoring bodies
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT)
- European Union (EU)
- International agreements
- EU Law: Directives and Regulations
Directive 2014/67/EU on the enforcement of Directive 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services and amending Regulation (EU) No 1024/2012 on administrative cooperation through the Internal Market Information System ( ‘the IMI Regulation’ )
Trafficking Human Beings
Right to Privacy protection
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) Regulation (EU) 2016/679
Directive 2016/680 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data for the purposes of the prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or the execution of criminal penalties.
Packaging and Packaging Waste, Directives 94/13/EC and 2004/12/EC
Water Framework Directive Directive 2000/60/EC, framework for Community action in the field of water policy.
Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information
Alen A. and Verrijdt W. (2016) “The Rule of Law in the Case Law of the Belgian Constitutional Court: History and Challenges”, Paper presented at 25th Anniversary of the Constitutional Court of Slovenia, Bled, June.
Aaronson, S. A., Aissi, J., Barbu, M., Campling, L., Corley-Coulibaly, M., Echeverria Manrique, E., ... & Oehri, M. (2017). Handbook on assessment of labour provisions in trade and investment arrangements. Studies on Growth with Equity.
European Union (2016) Study to assess the benefits delivered through the enforcement of EU environmental legislation. Milieu. Law and Policy Consulting Final Report 070203/2015/711789/ETU/ENV.D.2
Monash University. Castan Centre for Human Rights Law, United Nations. Global Compact Office, Prince of Wales International Business Leaders Forum, & United Nations. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. (2008). Human Rights Translated: A Business Reference Guide. United Nations Publications.www.ohchr.org.12
CoE (2006; 2012) Manual on Human Rights and the Environment https://www.echr.coe.int/LibraryDocs/DH_DEV_Manual_Environment_Eng.pdf
Lejeune Y. (2014) Droit constitutionnel belge: Fondements et institutions, Bruxelles: Groupe Larcier SA.
Lenaerts K. (2013) « Effective Judicial Protection in the EU », Assises de la Justice Conférence, Brussels, Nov., [http://ec.europa.eu/justice/events/assises-justice-2013/files/interventions/koenlenarts.pdf]
UN OHCHR (2011) Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights Implementing the United Nations “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework, New York and Geneva: UN OHCHR.
Van Der Plancke, V. Van Goethem, G. Paul and E. Wrzoncki (2016) Corporate Accountability for Human Rights Abuses: a Guide for Victims and NGOs on Recourse Mechanisms, Paris: FIDH – International Federation for Human Rights, 3rd ed.